Therefore, the storage of ammonium nitrate must follow strict regulations to isolate it from flammable liquids (gasoline, oils, etc. Obtain medical attention if irritation or symptoms persist. Use proper respiratory protection to evacuate affected individuals to a safe area as soon as possible. "Ammonium nitrate storage areas are fire resistant and built exclusively from non-flammable materials," the statement said. It will accelerate the burning of combustible material. “If you look at the smoke that came from the blast it’s this kind of blood red colour. Although news sources like the New York Times and CNN have described it as a "highly explosive chemical," ammonium nitrate isn't technically classified as an explosive, or even flammable, material. However, inhalation of high concentrations of ammonium nitrate dust can cause respiratory tract irritation. Once ammonium nitrate becomes molten (particularly if confined) the risk of an explosion increases. Shut off all air conditioning units, fans, ventilation systems and clothes dryers. While ammonium nitrate does not combust on its own, it can explode if it is contaminated by a flammable substance like oil or if it comes in contact with fire. The majority of those killed were firefighters, including at least one teenager. In winter, turn your furnace to its lowest setting. Numerous safety guidelines are available for storing and handling ammonium nitrate. Loosen tight clothing around the neck and waist. What is Ammonium Nitrate? Nearby stores of ammonium nitrate then caught fire and exploded in the major port city, which lies 110km (70 miles) south-east of the capital Beijing. This risk increases dramatically if the pH of molten ammonium nitrate falls or if it comes into contact with oxidisable material for instance organics such as oil, diesel, paper, rag, or straw. "Ammonium nitrate storage areas are fire resistant and built exclusively from non-flammable materials," the statement said. Keep your telephone line free. Ammonium nitrate (AN) primarily is used as a fertilizer but it is also very important compound in the production of industrial explosives. This acid can cause irritation to the eyes, nose, and skin. Flammable ammonia gas may be released in a fire. "There are no flammable sources within … If the 2,700-tonne figure is accurate, that would make the ammonium nitrate explosion larger than the 1947 Texas City Disaster, when a consignment of 2,300 tonnes of ammonium nitrate exploded, killing nearly 500 people. The ammonium nitrate … Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NH 4 NO 3.It is a white crystalline solid consisting of ions of ammonium and nitrate.It is highly soluble in water and hygroscopic as a solid, although it does not form hydrates.It is predominantly used in agriculture as a high-nitrogen fertilizer. When heated it will melt, decompose and release toxic gases including nitrogen oxides (NOx) and ammonia gas (NH3). Pure ammonium nitrate is stable, and when stored properly, it poses few safety hazards. "It's very difficult to get it to detonate at a reasonable scale," she said. Evacuate only if advised to do so by local authorities. Supporting information:-Nitrogen in the nitrate is on the highest oxidation level (+5) . Ammonium nitrate is not flammable under normal applications and is not considered a fire risk, but will support combustion in an existing fire by liberating oxygen – even if smothered. Ammonium nitrate is a common industrial chemical used mainly for fertiliser because it is a good source of nitrogen for plants. Not flammable but will support combustion. Ammonium nitrate decomposition can be set off if an explosion occurs where it's stored, if there is an intense fire nearby. Ammonium nitrate prills provide a much more concentrated supply of oxygen than the air around us. About 2,750 tons of ammonium nitrate was stored at the port for six years without preventive measures. It is also one of the main components in mining explosives. The deadly explosion in Beirut has been blamed on thousands of tonnes of the chemical used in fertilisers and explosives, Wed 5 Aug 2020 02.59 BST Since the chemical does not burn on its own, experts believe the explosion in Beirut could have been a … Though the material itself is noncombustible it will accelerate the burning of combustible materials. Although it is not technically classified as an explosive or flammable material, under certain conditions, ammonium nitrate can present a significant explosive threat because it is an oxidizer — an oxygen-rich compound that can accelerate fires or explosions. Global production was estimated at 21.6 million tonnes in 2017. Only under extreme conditions of heat and pressure in a confined space will ammonium nitrate explode. The chemical compound is widely used in agriculture as a fertilizer, but it’s also used in mining explosives. Many blamed Hezbollah for the blasts that were caused by huge stock of Ammonium Nitrate, a highly flammable chemical. Ammonium Nitrate is non-flammable and not a combustible itself, but will support combustion in an existing fire by liberating oxygen, even if smothered, which will increase the intensity of a fire, even in the absence of air. organic peroxid es or flammable liquids such as gasoline, benzene, toluene, ether, etc should not be stored in any w arehouse or a part of a . Ammonium nitrate liquid is the white crystals dissolved in water. Here's more … Chinese authorities later claimed the first explosion had been triggered when the summer heat caused a highly flammable compound called nitrocellulose to spontaneously ignite. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult. But it is extremely dangerous if contaminated, mixed with fuel or stored unsafely. Decomposition of sodium hypochlorite takes place within a few seconds with the following salts: ammonium acetate, ammonium carbonate, ammonium nitrate, ammonium oxalate, and ammonium phosphate [Mellor 2 Supp. However, da Silva said, it ignites only under the right circumstances, and these are difficult to achieve. Follow marked emergency routes or directions from police to travel to your destination. Last modified on Thu 13 Aug 2020 16.31 BST. * Ammonium nitrate is an industrial chemical commonly used in fertilisers and as an explosive for quarrying and mining. “I think that’s what’s happened here,” said da Silva. Substances and mixtures which in contact with water emit flammable gases Reason for no classification: data conclusive but not sufficient for classification Oxidising liquids Destabilization, however, can occur when flames or fire heats the ammonium nitrate causing it to become self-reactive and give off gases that are flammable and can ignite. If the ammonium nitrate in Beirut was stored in wooden or cardboard containers, it would have made the substance incredibly flammable, says Jimmie Oxley, a … The latter is what happened in the 2015 Tianjin explosion, which killed 173 people after flammable chemicals and ammonium nitrate were stored together at a … The latter is what happened in the 2015 Tianjin explosion, which killed 173 people after flammable chemicals and ammonium nitrate were stored together at a chemicals factory in eastern China. Pure ammonium nitrate is stable, and when stored properly, it poses few safety hazards. However, when ammonium nitrate (one potential cause of the West, Texas, disaster and other fertilizer accidents) does blow up, the effects have been historically devastating. If irritation persists, seek medical attention. Ammonium Nitrate Emulsion, Suspension, or Gel is ammonium nitrate suspended in a liquid. -Ammonium nitrate is not a flammable solid. Pure ammonium nitrate is stable, and when stored properly, it poses few safety hazards. Pure ammonium nitrate is stable, and when stored properly, it poses few safety hazards. Ammonium nitrate, which is used in fertilizers and bomb making, is a salt made from ammonium and nitric acid, and it is highly explosive. We are Currently Open and Shipping Orders. It was used in Irish Republican Army (IRA) bombings in London in the 1990s, the 1995 explosion that blew up a federal building in Oklahoma City, killing 168 people, and the 2002 blasts in … Ammonium nitrate is an important component of many fertilizer mixtures. Why we will not forgive the men who did this to Beirut, Full report: Huge explosion rocks Lebanese capital, ‘We’re cursed’: shock and despair in Beirut as explosion devastates city, 2,700 tonnes of ammonium nitrate exploded, killed more than 170 people and left hundreds injured, The majority of those killed were firefighters. The explosion killed 135 people, injured … Ammonium nitrate forms a mild acid when mixed with water. That’s because of the nitrogen oxide air pollutants in it,” he said. Unsuitable extinguishing media : Do not use smothering agents such as dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or regular foam or steam. In the event of a spill or accidental discharge, the fire department will collect the spilled solid in suitable containers for reuse or disposal. Ammonium nitrate can be mixed with other substances to make a bomb. What are the potential hazards? Ammonium nitrate has a melting point of 1700C and decomposes above 2100C. It is an oxidiser considered relatively safe if uncontaminated and stored properly. • DO NOT call 911 or any other authority for information. When you have been advised of an ALL CLEAR, open your house to let it air out by opening windows and doors across from each other to create cross ventilation. Perform artificial respiration if not breathing. 5.2. Toxic oxides of nitrogen are produced during combustion during combustion of this material. While ammonium nitrate can in fact put out a fire, if the chemical itself is contaminated, for example with oil, it becomes highly explosive. Ammonium nitrate is not flammable under normal applications and is not considered a fire risk, but will support combustion in an existing fire by liberating oxygen – even if smothered. c. Ammonium nitrate-based fertilizers containing mixtures of ammonium nitrate and ammonium sulphate with more than 45% but less than 70% ammonium nitrate, and not more than 0.4% total combustible, organic material calculated as carbon such that the sum of the percentage of compositions of ammonium nitrate and ammonium sulphate exceeds 70%. Soluble in water. If conscious, drink several glasses of water or milk and induce vomiting. Accelerates the burning of combustible material. Ammonium nitrate forms a mild acid when mixed with water. ammonium nitrate involved in a fire may detonate, especially if confined. Only under extreme conditions of heat and pressure in a confined space will ammonium nitrate explode. The blast killed 165 people and caused $1.1 billion dollars in … Decomposes on heating, emitting irritating white and/or brown fumes Do not allow Ammonium Nitrate to come into contact with materials such as, flammable liquids, powdered metals, acids, chlorates, nitrates, zinc, copper and its salts, oils, grease, gas cylinders and other chemicals whose properties are unknown; Follow the guidance in the Five-point Plan below. For combustion to occur, oxygen must be present. Ammonium nitrate is commercially available both as a colorless crystalline solid and processed into prills for specific applications. Ammonium nitrate. The blast created a 4.5-metre (15ft) wave. 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