enterprise architecture frameworks

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Smartphones have revolutionized the way the public accesses software – simply go into the app store, click, download, and begin using. Enterprise architecture as a framework can be vague since it’s meant to address the entire organization, instead of individual needs, problems or business units. They are especially helpful at the early stages of architectural change to lead the conversation with stakeholders and visualize the outcomes of business and IT alignment. But experts question how this download-and-go attitude will affect a holistic enterprise architecture where things are heavy and significantly less speedy. The TOGAF Framework consists of six important parts as shown in the following figure: The DoD Architecture Framework (DoDAF) is the industry-standard Enterprise Architecture Framework for defense and aerospace applications. The types of enterprise architecture frameworks are often categorized by who created and released them. Wikipedia offers the following list according to category. Effective management of such complexity and scale requires tools and approaches that architects can use. It has a common vocabulary to use, recommended standards and compliance methods, suggested software and tools, and even a method to define best practices. Der Autor behandelt über fünfzig Enterprise Architecture Frameworks (EAF), darunter das Zachman EAF, TOGAF, FEAF, DoDAF und das ARIS-Konzept. The earliest rudiments of the step-wise planning methodology currently advocated by TOGAF and other EA frameworks can be traced back to the article of Marshall K. Evans and Lou R. Hague titled "Master Plan for Information Systems" published in 1962 in Harvard Business Review. Enterprise Architecture wurde dafür entwickelt, die Komplexität von Unternehmen versteh- und beherrschbar zu machen. The answers to these questions will differ, depending on the perspective or audience (represented in the rows). Those developed by private companies or universities and released as proprietary material, like those from IBM or Gartner. Some proponents of EAFs even see that enterprise architecture can bridge the gap between the IT and business silos that often exists within companies. Provide a way to organize and present architectures to stakeholders, Specify the guidance, rules, and product descriptions for developing and presenting architecture information. Dirk Matthes wendet sich mit seinem Enterprise Architecture Frameworks -Überblicks-Buch gezielt an CIOs und IT-Manager, die einen Überblick über die wichtigsten Fakten der verschiedenen, verfügbaren Enterprise Architecture Frameworks (EAF) benötigen. The details and methods contained within TOGAF help guide businesses through any step of business organization. A holistic framework to enterprise architecture may be the answer. In that time, a number of enterprise-architectural methodologies have come and gone. This model is called the MODAF. ASSIMPLER Framework – an architecture framework based on Mandar … Therefore, several frameworks exist to help companies effectively implement and track EAP.According to CompTIA, these are the four leading Enterprise Architect Planning (EAP) methodologies: 1. The architecture should also incorporate 21st century practices of business process management and data analytics. These postings are my own and do not necessarily represent BMC's position, strategies, or opinion. Whereas a framework has the potential to muddy the waters, a skilled enterprise architect – the person responsible for this holistic vision come to life – may be exactly what a company needs. Each enterprise architecture involves governing principles that drive an ongoing discussion about business strategy and how it can be expressed through IT. At its most helpful, an enterprise architecture framework makes sense of the complexities of achieving business strategy via IT strategy, technology, and business needs across all silos of the company. It helps bring enterprise design tasks into focus and produces valuable architecture documentat… An enterprise architecture framework provides the tools and approaches to abstract this information to a level of detail that is manageable. Those intended for defense industry use, such as the U.S.’s own Departure of Defense Architecture Framework. UAF meets the specific business, operational and systems-of-systems integration needs of commercial and industrial enterprises as well as the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), the UK Ministry of Defence (MOD), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and other defense organizations. ). Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework (FEAF): The Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework was developed and published by the US Federal Chief Information Officers (CIO) Council [5]. It is well suited to large systems and systems-of-systems (SoSs) with complex integration and interoperability issues. Enterprise Architecture frameworks organize architecture into different “views” that make sense to different stakeholders. ; rather, it is an ontology whereby a schema for organizing architectural artifacts (in other words, design documents, specifications, and models) is used to take into account both who the artifact targets (for example, business owner and builder) and what particular issue (for example, data and functionality) is being addressed. Each enterprise architecture involves governing principles (frameworks) that guide enterprise architectural planning (EAP). The Project Viewpoint also details dependencies among capability and operational requirements, system engineering processes, systems design, and services design within the Defense Acquisition System process. Enterprise Architecture (EA) is a discipline that manages conflicting approaches to success within large-scale organizations. (Sessions 2007) An Enterprise Architecture framework … Some enterprises look to adopt service-oriented architecture (SOA) or microservices architecture (MSA) (often a key component of establishing a digital transformation) which has an impact on both IT and business processes. The framework enables complex subjects to be distilled into systematic categories in the column headers, using these six basic questions (known as 5WH). Those intended for wider government use, including the FDIC Enterprise Architecture Framework, the Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework (FEAF), and the NIST Enterprise Architecture Model. The Federal Enterprise Architectural Framework (FEA) is one of the newest attempts to create a solid structure for organizations. Many enterprise architecture frameworks are available, each with different strengths and weaknesses. In modern enterprise architecture, frameworks serve a variety of purposes: They provide a set of assets and templates which allow architects to get started quickly They can be used to set best-practice and standards for governance They can be helpful for collaboration and communication between architects Regardless of any type of operating model, utilizing enterprise-architecture methodologies has been proven effect positive changes in any enterprise’s bottom line. These five points combine with a segment model to create a perspective on how best to install enterprise architecture. Companies will move towards cloud deployment and high-end solutions, which means there will be a whole new world of various vendor architectures to navigate. The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF), the DoD Architecture Framework (DoDAF), the variants (MODAF and NAF), and. As more and more companies move to the cloud and embrace the flexibility that comes with a DevOps culture, two real things will happen: This digital transformation equates to a more and more complex project landscape, one in which customers expert – perhaps demand – to use various channels interchangeably and with equal success, often during a single transaction. Enterprise architecture frameworks are valuable for planning and visualization. Relying on the practices of architecture, enterprises can analyze, design, plan, and implement the technology they need to execute their business strategies. A commonly held tenet is that enterprise architecture frameworks date to the mid-1980s, in accordance with the publication of the Zachman Framework, developed by then-IBMer John Zachman. Still, maintaining the documentation is often too cumbersome and time consuming. These six perspectives are based on English language interrogatives ‘what’, ‘where’, ‘who’, ‘when’, ‘why’, and ‘how’ (known as W5H). A researcher of 20th– and 21st-century technology, Svyatoslav Kotusev says that we can look at the history of EAFs in three smaller eras: Despite the differences in approaches that these eras indicate, all frameworks are generally based on the original BSP methodology, often advocating similar steps or phases for planning and implementing enterprise IT. It offers structural connections into any aspect of an enterprise. An enterprise architecture (EA) is a conceptual blueprint for conducting enterprise analysis, design, planning, and implementation, using a comprehensive approach at all times, for the successful development and execution of strategy. When looking for an enterprise architecture practice, note their experience and capabilities outside the TOGAF certification and listen to their recommendations regardi… TOGAF contains all the needed pieces for a powerful framework. The blueprint that accompanies enterprise architecture allows the company to understand how all the business IT pieces fit together, which can result in better systems maintenance and support as well as IT management. The segment model at its core allows a distinction of any number of organizations and connections. UAF supports current DoDAF/MODAF/NAF requirements and can evolve to meet future needs: We use cookies to offer you a better experience. These industry-standard enterprise Architecture Frameworks include three different types of frameworks: The EA Template Framework is any specific method or process for collecting, managing or using the information that it describes. The Open Group Architectural Framework (TOGAF) was first developed in 1995 created and owned by The Open Group, which was based on the Department of Defense’s Technical Architecture Framework for Information Management. The Architect… The Ministry of Defense Architecture Framework (MODAF) is an internationally recognized enterprise architecture framework developed by the Ministry of Defence (MOD) to support defense planning and change management activities. The stakeholders are generally grouped as planners, owners, designers (architects), implementers, sub-constructors, users, or sometimes represented as viewpoints: scope context, business concepts, system logic, technology, physics, component assemblies, and operations classes. In TOGAF, the ADM defines the method including the process, steps, and guidelines for developing the artifacts and deliverables for each of the development phases. Die Konzentration liegt auf der Darstellung der jeweiligen Framework-Metamodelle mit den darin offerierten Architektur- und Vorgehens-Referenzmodellen. Government was following the industry trend of defining architectural frameworks to guide in the development of large, complex systems development. Hard skills that a good enterprise architect can make use of include knowledge of network administration, traditional systems admin, and even cloud admin; systems thinking and project management; IT governance; and hardware and software knowledge. Today’s computer and technology systems are complex – especially when they are responsible for so much of the productive activities within most organizations. Presents the design for solutions articulating the Performers, Activities, Services, and their Exchanges, providing for or supporting operational and capability functions. An enterprise architecture framework (EA framework) defines how to create and use an enterprise architecture, which provides principles and practices for creating and using the architecture description of a system. From core to cloud to edge, BMC delivers the software and services that enable nearly 10,000 global customers, including 84% of the Forbes Global 100, to thrive in their ongoing evolution to an Autonomous Digital Enterprise. UAF defines ways of representing an enterprise architecture that enables stakeholders to focus on specific areas of interest in the enterprise while retaining sight of the big picture. Users can download, delete, and re-download apps exactly when they need them. The objectives of the framework are to: NAF 4.0 defines Viewpoints, Views and Architecture Descriptions. It depends. The FEA has five reference models. Enterprise Architecture Frameworks. The NAF is designed to ensure that architectures developed adhering to it can be understood, compared, justified and related across many organizations, including NATO and other National Defence initiatives. TOGAF is often viewed as more an overarching process. A number of enterprise architecture frameworks already exist and are widely recognized, each of which has its particular advantages and disadvantages - and relevance - for enterprise architecture. While these frameworks are often rigid and structured, which might not align with constant change inherent in 21st century business and technology, using the frameworks as guidelines instead of as gospel may prove beneficial – after all, companies still need a structured approach to infrastructure. These models then become the repositories from which various views can be extracted. The enterprise architecture framework helps determine how information, business, and technology work together. Project Viewpoint (PV) – New in DoDAF V2.0. FEA was the foundation for a massive restructuring of a high-end government. In certain comparisons, EAFs are very similar and repetitive, and others have little in common beyond the name of enterprise architecture framework. Enterprises can choose from a seemingly endless number of frameworks to address their architecture, and that’s without looking into history to uncover countless more options. Anschließend werden über dreißig dieser EAF im Detail beschrieben. While enough technology experts have concluded that EA frameworks aren’t effective or simply a management fad, as the technology that supports enterprise architecture becomes more agile and nimble, this problem may turn out to be less of a problem after all. Use of this site signifies your acceptance of BMC’s, approaches focused strictly on technical infrastructure, service-oriented architecture (SOA) or microservices architecture (MSA), makes sense of the complexities of achieving business strategy via IT strategy, the challenge to EAF may not be the frameworks themselves, but the way we understand them, What it means to be Keeping The Lights On (KTLO), Design Thinking: The Key To Building Customer-Driven Products, Rise of Data Centers and Private Clouds in Response to Amazon’s Hegemony. It details a two-dimensional classification scheme for the standardized architecture viewpoints, this serves as the baseline for any NAF-Compliant architecture effort. Some focus on modeling existing architecture, while others focus on finding solutions to business problems. It is one of the most common framework structures in business today and accounts for over 80 percent of the entire business framework structure. These may be the best candidates for enterprise architecture. There are a number of popular enterprise architecture frameworks available: ArchiMate– An open Group Architecture Framework – a widely used framework that includes a notation for visualizing architecture. It helps organize the myriad of different agencies and organizations under its control. MODAF provides a coherent set of rules and templates, known as ‘views’, that, when populated, provide a graphical and textual visualization of the business area being investigated. They are discussed in Part IV: Resource Base, Other Architectures and Frameworks. It articulates the capability requirements, the delivery timing, and the deployed capability. Es werden über fünfzig Frameworks für das IT-Management kurz im jeweiligen Nutzen vorgestellt. The framework may be used to describe current, future and gap analysis states of an organization. May be used in conjunction with ToGAF®. They cover business, service, components, technical, and data. By visiting our website, you agree to the use of cookies as described in our Cookie Policy. Physical and cloud servers, applications, and enterprise software all must communicate and share data seamlessly in order to provide the customer a successful and satisfactory user experience. Those developed and released as open source. Its predecessor, the FEAF, started in 1996. Sie stellen eine Grundlage dar, aus der sich eine konkrete Unternehmensarchitektur ableiten lässt. It was released as a reference model for enterprise architecture, offering insight into DoD’s own technical infrastructure, including how it’s structured, maintained and configured to align with specific requirements. Please let us know by emailing blogs@bmc.com. Describes the relationships between operational and capability requirements and the various projects being implemented. In the Pre-EA era, planning for implementation was prohibitively expensive and time consuming. Simply stated, enterprise architecture framework (EAF) refers to any framework, process, or methodology which informs how to create and use an enterprise architecture.So, what is enterprise architecture?At a high level, enterprise architecture offers a comprehensive approach and holistic view of IT throughout an enterprise. The columns of the framework consist of a set of artifacts that are a description of the enterprise from a specific viewpoint of a group of stakeholders. Perhaps unsurprisingly, a good enterprise architect isn’t someone who simply follows a framework. Today, four dominate the field: the Zachman Framework for Enterprise Architectures, The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF), the Federal Enterprise Architecture (FEA), and Gartner (formerly, the Meta Framework). The holistic view of all these pieces is referred to as enterprise architecture. Capability Viewpoint (CV) – New in DoDAF V2.0. ©Copyright 2005-2020 BMC Software, Inc. In the Early-EA era of the 1980s and 1990s, the strain on resources was still considerable, and the plans were often considered too conceptual and inflexible to be applied practically. The Zachman Framework goes beyond IT. All examples are created with EdrawMax - enterprise architecture diagram software. EA frameworks help businesses execute and sustain digital transformation since they are primarily responsible for presenting IT leaders with newer legacy applications to beat relevant business disruptions. The DoDAF provides a foundational framework for developing and representing architecture descriptions that ensure a common denominator for understanding, comparing, and integrating architectures across organizational, joint, and multinational boundaries. By aligning business needs across all silos, companies can visualize actual business motives and drivers. When performed at its best, an enterprise architecture translates the vague and intangible business strategy to practical, concrete plans and actions. Je nach Framework liegt der Schwerpunkt auf der Strukturierung (durch Beschreibung eines Architektur-Referenzmodells) oder Entwicklung (durch Anführung eines … What works best for one company might not work at all for another – and that’s to be expected. While some say enterprise architecture frameworks are unnecessary and don’t work, there is an argument in favor of enterprise architecture, whether it is through a formalized framework or a through a top-notch employee who sees these benefits. Standards Viewpoint (StdV) – Renamed from Technical Standards View. UPDM is the Unified Profile for DoDAF / MODAF /NAF 3.0. Architecture Frameworks. Typically, the architecture domains are listed below based on four basic interrelated areas of specialization: Architecture Framework is a prefabricated structure that organizes the system architecture of an enterprise into complementary projections called Views. Enterprise Architecture Frameworks play dual roles: Framework für Unternehmensarchitektur haben zwei Hauptaufgaben: 1. sie dienen als Instrumente der Dokumentation und Komponentenspezi!kation 2. sie erleichtern die Unternehmensplanung und das Lösen von Problemen Elemente/ Bausteine Quelle: Shah, Kurdi 2007, S. 37 EA Frameworks beschreiben eine Methode, um Informationssysteme zu designen. The purpose of enterprise architecture is to determine how an organization can most effectively achieve the current and future objectives of its business goals. The process should convert intangible business strategy to practical, real solutions that can be measured and achieved. However, they are still just toolkits for people responsible for preparing the roadmap to change. This field was inaugurated to address two major problem… All rights reserved. Ultimately, successful enterprise architecture leads to better planning and change management – budgets are set, system interoperability is double-checked, and various employee roles can see into the system, offering a common vocabulary that can improve and enhance communication across business needs. In many cases, IT governance frameworks like ITIL or COBIT can help to inform the overall enterprise framework strategy. Enterprise Architecture Frameworks (EAF) Enterprise Architecture Frameworks unterstützen die Unternehmensarchitektur. Proprietary enterprise architecture frameworks . And time consuming defines how to organize the myriad of different agencies organizations! Architecture involves governing principles that drive an ongoing discussion about business strategy Forrester cited BMC Helix as “! 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